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The Fusarium Head Blight Risk Assessment Tool can be accessed on-line at:

FHB Update for ND, 6/23/2023

Submitted by Northern Great… on 23, Jun 2023
The earliest planted spring wheat has started to flower in some areas of the state and most reports have estimated that a significant amount of spring wheat and barley acreage will start heading next week. Scab risk is still low for susceptible varieties, but recent rain events across the state (and into the weekend) will likely drive up scab risk for most areas across the state. After experiencing very hot and very dry weather, cool weather has settled in with high chances of rain and higher relative humidity levels at night. If the current forecast holds true, we will expect to see scab risk increase on susceptible varieties. As a reminder, the best time to apply a fungicide in spring wheat and durum is at early-flowering or up to 7 days after onset of early-flowering. For spring barley, the best time is to apply at full-head or up to 7 days after full head emergence. In other words, we have about a 7-day window to make an effective application for scab.

--Andrew Friskop, Associate Professor and Cereal Extension Pathologist, North Dakota State University

FHB Update for MN, 6/23/2023

Submitted by Northern Great… on 23, Jun 2023
It is trying to rain at the moment in Crookston. So far it has only really wetted the sidewalk. The forecast remains, however, hopeful for rain throughout the region. Does that mean that a 5-alarm fire for leaf diseases and or Fusarium head blight is imminent? Just like a single robin does not make spring, a single weather system does not make for widespread and economic levels of leaf diseases or Fusarium head blight. The disease forecasting that is part of the NDAWN system in the tri-state area and the National Fusarium Risk Tool are weather-based models that try to quantify how good the conditions are for individual diseases to start infections. Read more at…

--Jochum Wiersma, Small Grains Specialist, University of Minnesota

FHB Update for MI, 6/22/2023

Submitted by Northern SWW Region on 22, Jun 2023
The warm and dry conditions that existed across the state during wheat flowering have seen low risk conditions for head scab development. For a discussion on head scab management in Michigan see the following MSUE Virtual Breakfast recording

--Martin Chilvers, Associate Professor, Field Crop Pathology, Michigan State University

FHB Update for US, 6/16/2023

Submitted by National on 16, Jun 2023
The Fusarium Head Blight Prediction Center provide daily estimates of disease risk for wheat and barley in 35 states. The map displays the probability of severe disease with red and orange areas of the map having the greatest risk. Wheat production in South Dakota, North Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan and New York are the current focus of the prediction effort. The disease models currently indicate a low risk of disease for most of this area. Growers in these states should keep an eye out for weather systems that could bring rain and extended periods of high relative humidity. These weather conditions could increase the risk of disease.

Tips of using the tool: The prediction center uses a wheat growth model to focus the estimates of disease risk on areas where the crop is at or approaching the vulnerable stages of growth for Fusarium infection. Areas where the crop is too young, or is already approaching harvest are displayed as a gray color on the map.

The tool shows the disease risk for susceptible wheat varieties for today’s date. You can select earlier assessment dates by clicking on the calendar menu at the top of the risk map. Use the menu button on the upper left to active risk maps for wheat varieties with different levels of genetic resistance to Fusarium head blight.

Risk maps based on 2, 4 or 6 days of forecasted weather can help users anticipate future trends in disease risk. These maps are available by selecting the 2d, 4d and 6d buttons to the right of the calendar menu.

--Erick DeWolf, Plant Pathologist, Kansas State University

FHB Update for ND, 6/16/2023

Submitted by Northern Great… on 16, Jun 2023
Most of the winter wheat has flowered and is entering stages of kernel fill. Scab risk was low and has remained low for susceptible varieties. This is likely attributed to the sporadic rain from pop-up showers and low relative humidity. Some of the heat and water stressed spring wheat is starting to head and the scab risk looks remain low in the coming days. Given the variation in planting dates and growing conditions, we will see a wide range of flowering in spring wheat this year.

--Andrew Friskop, Associate Professor and Cereal Extension Pathologist, North Dakota State University

FHB Update for NY, 6/1/2023

Submitted by Northern SWW Region on 1, Jun 2023
Winter wheat heads have emerged from the boot nearly everywhere and many are now flowering (yellow anthers visible) in fields across New York State. This is a critical time for making a fungicide spray decision. The fungicide products Caramba, Miravis Ace, Prosaro, Prosaro Plus, and Sphaerex are each labeled on wheat in New York and are effective in suppression of Fusarium head blight (FHB) and deoxynivalenol (DON) mycotoxin contamination. An application of these fungicide products should be based on FHB risk as well as the risks of powdery mildew, rusts, and fungal leaf blotches in the upper canopy based on scouting of individual fields. There is an application window of approximately 7 days starting at beginning of flowering in which reasonable FHB and DON suppression can be expected. Though the calculated risk of FHB infection is currently low due to dry conditions, the risk level may change in following days. Also consider microenvironments near lakes, in river valleys and n ext to woods that tend to have persistent dew, and other fields that have a history of mycotoxin contamination. Check the Fusarium Risk Assessment Tool ( ) and your local weather forecast frequently.

You are invited to attend Cornell’s 35th Annual Small Grains Management Field Day at Fleur De Lis Brewery in Seneca Falls on June 8. Visit to view the agenda and pre-register (free)!

--Gary Bergstrom, Extension Plant Pathologist, Cornell University

FHB Update for MD, 5/26/2023

Submitted by Mid Atlantic S… on 26, May 2023
Flowering is finished across all counties of Maryland now, except for a few late-planted fields in the northern part of MD that may still be flowering. Currently, the risk of FHB is low in these areas and so no fungicide application is needed. For most parts, wheat is now in the grain-filling stage and should be ready for harvesting in the next couple of weeks. We experienced some showers this season, but the temperatures remained low, so symptom development in terms of bleached spikelets is limited especially if the planted variety is resistant. It is advisable to get the DON content of the harvested grain samples analyzed before taking it to the market.

This is the last FHB risk commentary of the season for MD, but feel free to contact me (email: if you have any questions related to wheat or barley diseases any time of the year! Wish you a plentiful harvest!

--Nidhi Rawat, Small Grains Pathologist, University of Maryland

FHB Update for NE, 5/25/2023

Submitted by Central Great … on 25, May 2023
The FHB risk map is showing moderate to high risk in parts of western Nebraska. There have been significant amounts of rainfall in some areas in the region in recent weeks. In the southwest wheat is flowering or just past flowering. In the Panhandle (northwest), growth stage is at Feekes 9 to boot to just starting to head depending on the location, and therefore it is too early for infections to occur at this time. Growers in the southwest and Panhandle regions of Nebraska should monitor the weather and their wheat fields, especially irrigated fields. Additional precipitation will increase the risk of FHB in these two regions. In the eastern half of the state, wheat is past the flowering growth stage in most fields; it has been too dry in this part of the state, which has kept FHB risk low.

--Stephen Wegulo, Professor/Extension Plant Pathologist, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

FHB Update for OH, 5/25/2023

Submitted by Mid West - Mid… on 25, May 2023
Flowering continues in wheat this week across the northern half of the state of Ohio. This is the growth stage as which the crop is most susceptible to infection by Fusarium graminearum, the fungus that cases Fusarium head blight (FHB), also known as head scab. Consequently, questions are being asked about applying a fungicide to control FHB and minimize grain contamination with mycotoxins. However, according to the FHB forecasting system, the risk for head scab development has been low across the state over the past week. This is likely due, at least in part, to the cool, relatively dry conditions we have experienced in most area. The extended forecast suggests that dry (rain-free) conditions will persist over the next week or so. Remember, warm and consistently wet or humid conditions are required for FHB to develop. So, do continue to monitor the weather and use the scab forecasting system to determine if the risk for scab is increasing at the crop flowers in northern, late-plante d fields.

--Pierce Anderson Paul, Extension Plant Pathologist, The Ohio State University

FHB Update for KS, 5/24/2023

Submitted by Central Great … on 24, May 2023
The risk map is currently showing some areas of high to moderate risk for areas of Southeastern and Northwestern Kansas. The wheat in the Southeastern region of the state is now past the flowering and early growth stages of grain development that are most vulnerable to Fusarium head blight. In contrast, the region of Northwestern Kansas that is at high risk is too immature to be at a high risk for disease. Wheat in this area of the state is still at flag leaf emergence through the boot stage of development. Growers in the Northwestern region of the state should be monitoring the situation carefully especially in irrigated fields where the additional moisture has helped preserve yield potential through the dry soil conditions earlier this spring.

--Erick DeWolf, Plant Pathologist, Kansas State University
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